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The Black Sea is a sea in Eurasia between Europe, Caucasus, and Anatolia. Many big rivers connect to the Black Sea, like the Don, Danube, and Dnieper rivers.
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NATO ships exercise in the Black Sea

Additionally, observe update on the events at Facebook. All questions about the conference should be directed to Yaroslav Krainyk and Yevhen Davydenko. Dear teachers! It will give you a unique opportunity to learn the best teaching practice in one of the most prestigious universities in Europe and to receive a certificate.

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The purpose of the forum is to exchange international experience of the Black Sea region countries regarding the identification of the best ways, directions, and the nature of theoretical, practical, and educational reforms adapted to European standards on the following issues: public administration; energy; radiation, technogenic and ecological safety of man and the environment; ecology; information technologies; philosophy; political science; sociology and linguistic culture, in the difficult conditions of the global financial and socio-economic crisis.

The shelf gives way at its edge to a slope, which is broken by submarine valleys and is steep in its upper parts. Between the port cities of Sinop and Samsun Turkey , the coastline is paralleled by a rugged range of underwater mountains extending for nearly miles km. Underlying rocks reflect a regional diversity of both type and age.

The ancient Precambrian rocks of the southern tip of the structural block known as the Russian or East European Platform , dating from at least million years ago, appear in the northwest.

Why are The Seas named Black, White, and Yellow?

A second, related platform has a deep cover of sedimentary rocks that were laid later. The centre of the depression consists of a sedimentary and a basaltic crustal layer, with a granite layer thrust between them at the periphery.

Seafloor deposits generally change from coarse pebbles and gravel at the periphery to fine silts at the centre of the basin. The geologic history of the Black Sea is not fully known, but it seems to be a residual basin of the ancient Tethys Sea , dating roughly from to 50 million years ago. The present form of the sea probably emerged at the end of the Paleocene Epoch about 55 million years ago , when structural upheavals in Anatolia split off the Caspian basin from the Mediterranean.


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  7. The newly created Black Sea basin became gradually isolated from the ocean, and its salinity was reduced; at that time the Crimean Peninsula and the Caucasus probably were islands. Early in the Miocene Epoch about 20 million years ago , the Black Sea flowed into a chain of sea lakes but gradually became separated from the Caspian region. As mountains—the Pontic, Caucasus, Crimean, and Carpathians —rose around it, outwashed sediments filled the basin.

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    Further earth movements and changes in sea level associated with Pleistocene glaciers then occurred and led to intermittent connections with the Mediterranean. During the last of the great glaciations, the Black Sea became a large freshwater lake. The present connection to the Mediterranean Sea—and to salt water—is believed to have emerged some 6, to 7, years ago.

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    Prague Civil Society Center has launched a new call for applications for its annual Fellowship Programme. The fellowship[ The second round of the Confidence Building call for applications is now open! The Visegrad Fund[ The European Union institutions open a broad and inclusive structured consultation on the future strategic direction[ Eastern Partnership Civil Society Facility has launched a call for applications for participants for an online course[ The challenges the European Continent is facing might be tackled by joint efforts only.